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|44. Simple and composite sentences. Complex sentences. Structure of the complex sentence. Grammatical peculiarities of a noun-clause|
A simple sentence includes a single subject and verb group. E.g. Last July was unusually hoi. Mary and John worked and studied together.
A simple sentence may be unextended if it consists only of the main parts of the sentence the subject and the predicate. A sentence is extended if it includes some secondary parts (the attribute, the object, the adverbial modifier).
Composite sentences are poly predicative syntactic constructions, formed by two or more predicative lines, each with a subject and a predicate of its own. Each predicative unit in a composite sentence forms a clause. A clause as a part of a composite sentence corresponds to a separate sentence. There are two principal types of composite sentences: complex and compound.
In complex sentences, the clauses are united on the basis of subordinative connections. The minimal complex sentence includes two clauses: the principal one and the subordinate one. A complex sentence combines one independent clause and one or more subordinate ( dependent) clauses. An independent clause contains the more important idea. E.g. After Mary came home, Bill went to have a haircut. There are three kinds of subordinate clauses - the Noun-clause, the Adjective- clause, the Adverb-clause.
A Noun-clause is one which acts as a noun in relation to some word in some other clause. It may be the subject to a verb, the object to a verb, the object to a preposition, the complement to a verb, etc. E.g. 1) That he will come back soon is certain. 2) 1 shall be glad to know when you will return. 3) This is exactly what I expected
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