43. Verbals. Gerund and the verbal noun




Назва43. Verbals. Gerund and the verbal noun
Дата конвертації15.07.2013
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43. Verbals. Gerund and the verbal noun

All verbal forms fall into two major sets: finite and non-finite. The term "finite'' is derived from the Latin term "verbum finitum", which shows that these words denote actions developing in time.

Non-finite forms of the verb, the infinitive, the gerund, participle I (present participle) and participle II (past participle), are otherwise called "verbals", or "verbids". The term, introduced by O. Jespersen, means that they are not verbs in the proper sense of the word, because they combine features of the verb with features of other notional parts of speech.

The gerund serves as the verbal name of a process and combines verbal features with those of a noun.

The verbal features distinguish the gerund from the verbal noun, which may be homonymous with the indefinite active form of the gerund, but 1) it has no other verbal forms (passive or perfect); 2) it cannot take a direct object, but only prepositional objects like all other nouns, cf.: reading the letters (gerund) - the reading of the letters (verbal noun); and 3) like most nouns it can be used with an article and in the plural, cf.: my coming (gerund) - his comings and goings (verbal noun).

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