48. Simple, complex, compound, sentences. Structure of compound sentence. Types of coordinative connection




Назва48. Simple, complex, compound, sentences. Structure of compound sentence. Types of coordinative connection
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48. Simple, complex, compound, sentences. Structure of compound sentence. Types of coordinative connection.

A simple sentence includes a single subject and verb group. E.g. Last July was unusually hoi. Mary and John worked and studied together.

A simple sentence may be unextended if it consists only of the main parts of the sentence the subject and the predicate. A sentence is extended if it includes some secondary parts (the attribute, the object, the adverbial modifier).

A compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences. A compound sentence unites two ideas, but it does not necessarily show the relationship between them. E g He came, he saw, he won. Man has his will, but woman has her way.

A complex sentence combines one independent clause and one or more subordinate ( dependent) clauses. An independent clause contains the more important idea. E.g. After Mary came home, Bill went to ha\>e a haircut.

The compound sentence is formed from two or more base sentences, joined as coordinate clauses. One of them becomes the leading clause, and the other clauses may be called sequential clauses. A clause as a part of a composite sentence corresponds to a separate sentence.

Coordination, just like subordination, can be expressed either syndetically (by means of coordinative connectors) or asyndeticallv. Coordinative connectors, or coordinators, are divided into conjunctions proper, e.g.: and, but, or, for. either...or, neither... nor. etc., and semi-functional connectors of adverbial character, e.g.: nevertheless, besides, however, yet, thus, so, etc. The coordinate clauses can be combined asyndeticallv (by the zero coordinator), e.g.: The quarrel was over, the friendship was resumed.

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