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|46. Simple and complex sentences. Structure of the complex sentence. Grammatical peculiarities of an adjective clause|
A simple sentence includes a single subject and verb group. E.g. Last July was unusually hoi. Mary and John worked and studied together.
A simple sentence may be unextended if it consists only of the main parts of the sentence the subject and the predicate. A sentence is extended if it includes some secondary parts (the attribute, the object, the adverbial modifier).
In complex sentences, the clauses are united on the basis of subordinative connections. The minimal complex sentence includes two clauses: the principal one and the subordinate one. A complex sentence combines one independent clause and one or more subordinate ( dependent) clauses. An independent clause contains the more important idea. E.g. After Mary came home, Bill went to have a haircut. There are three kinds of subordinate clauses - the Noun-clause, the Adjective- clause, the Adverb-clause.
An Adjective-clause is one which performs the work of an adjective in relation to some word in other clause. It means that that such a clause qualifies some noun or a pronoun belonging to some other clause. Adjective-clauses are introduced by means of relative pronouns or relative adverbs. The noun or pronoun, that stands as antecedent to the relative pronoun or adverb, is the word which is qualified by the
Adjective-clause. E.g. 1) A man who has just come asked about you. 2) This is not the book that I have chosen.
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