28. Define the main object of syntax. Speak about the classifications of sentences according to the purpose of utterance. Comment on the notion the predicative line of the sentence”




Назва28. Define the main object of syntax. Speak about the classifications of sentences according to the purpose of utterance. Comment on the notion the predicative line of the sentence”
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28.Define the main object of syntax. Speak about the classifications of sentences according to the purpose of utterance. Comment on the notion «the predicative line of the sentence”.
The main object of study in syntax is the communicative unit of the language, the sentence. The sentence is a unit of speech which expresses a complete thought and has a definite grammatical form and intonation.

The sentence is a communicative unit; that's why. the primary classification of sentences is based on "the purpose of communication". Thus the communicative type of sentences depends on the communicativc purpose of the speaker. According to the purpose of utterance sentences may be:

  • declarative which state facts in the affirmative or negative form (They (do nor) work hard.);

  • interrogative which ask questions (general, special, alternative, disjunctive);

  • imperative which express commands, requests, invitations, etc.

  • exclamatory sentences which express emotions (How hard they work!)

In fact any type of sentences may turn into exclamatory. E.g. What a good idea! How good the idea is!

The finite verb, which performs the function of the predicate, combined with the subject, forms the so-called "predicative line" of the sentence. On the basis of predicative line presentation, sentences may be divided into simple, compound and complex.

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