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My (eldest/ oldest) sister's only child is a boy. His name is Tim. Even when he was very young he was a (manly/ mankind) little fellow, a (skilful/ skilled) and (confident/ confidential) horseman, and a (dead/deadly) marksman with an air rifle. He was (a lively/ an alive) child.
Throughout his (awake/waking) hours he was engaged in (worthy/ worthwhile) activities, and even when he was (asleep/ sleeping), his (imaginary/ imaginative) brain seemed to be at work, because often he would wake up with some (sensitive/sensible) idea. He was always a (healthy/ fit) boy. When any of his (ill/sick) friends asked him for help with their homework he was always (sorry/sympathetic) and did his best to help them.
Tim had one (especial/special) friend – Dick, a much (elder/ older) boy, who had one (shrunk/shrunken) leg and who lived in one of the (wooden/wooded) (neighbouring/ neighbourhood) houses.
Dick's father was always (drunk/ drunken), so the family lived in (needful/ needy) circumstances. Dick's mother was very (sensible/ sensitive), so when Tim went to the house, he often found her with her eyes (swelled/swollen) with tears. He used to try to comfort her in his (childish/childlike) way, but he could not be of any (effective/efficient) help to her, because his own family's (economic/ economical) position was not a very good one. His father worked for a (politic/ political) party, but he had no (official/ officious) position in it.
There was a ring at my door late yesterday evening and when I opened it there was (an ashamed/a shamefaced) girl standing outside. She seemed (afraid/ frightened) of something and not at all (confident/ confidential) that I would welcome her at that late hour. She had rosy cheeks, long (gold/golden) hair and a slim (graceful/gracious) figure. She had long (silk/ silken/ silky) eyelashes but her eyes looked (swelled/ swollen) as if she had been crying.
‘May I come in?" she said. Her voice was (silver/silvery) and, although she couldn’t have been less than 18 years old, there was something sweetly (childish/ childlike) about her when she spoke. I am very (sensible/ sensitive) to personality and I felt that this girl and I had very (alike/ similar) characters. She seemed to sense my (inner/inward) sympathy for her, and suddenly her (afraid/frightened) air disappeared and her control, which had only been (outer/outward), vanished. She became a very (alone/lonely) girl in need of comfort and reassurance. She told me that her father was (drunk/ drunken) and was threatening to kill her and her (ill/sick) (older/elder) sister. They had just moved into a hut on a (wooded/wooden) hill which was (neighbouring/ in our neighbourhood), and she knew nobody here. Their (former/previous) home had been a hundred miles away. I gathered that her father was (a worthless/ an unworthy) actor whose (drunk/ drunken) habits had led him to (economic/ economical) ruin and constant (sick/ ill) health. The girl's mother committed suicide because her (sensible/sensitive) soul could no longer stand the degradation of her lot.
I am a reasonably (imaginary/ imaginative) woman, and I shuddered as I contemplated that desperation that must have driven her to take her own life.
**TASK 15. Use the words given in brackets in the right form. Give two variants if possible. Follow the example.
Example. On a clear moonless evening, the starts shine very (bright) – bright = brightly
Teachers like students who answer questions (bright) – brightly
**TASK 16. Place the adverbs given in brackets in two different positions. For each sentence write a situation which explains the use of the adverb. Follow the example.
Example: He expressed his thanks. (naturally)
TASK 17A. Choose which adverbs can fill each gap. Two or three of them may be possible in each sentence.
1. She is usually ___________ courteous to strangers.
a. quite b. exceedingly c. absolutely d. somewhat
2. I was ___________ dumbfounded to hear that he had left his wife.
a. quite b. very c. utterly d. somewhat
3. I'm surprised you like him so much; I've always found him ___________ rude.
a. somewhat b. very c. totally d. extremely
4. Your son's behaviour at the party was ___________ impeccable.
a. not very b. rather c. absolutely d. quite
5. I find the thought of eating snails ___________ unpleasant.
a. fairly b. absolutely c. somewhat d. utterly
6. She was ___________outraged when she learnt that he'd been lying to her.
a. fairly b. totally c. extremely d. completely
**TASK 17B. There are many adjectives formed from parts of the body. Complete each sentence with the appropriate word from the box. Note that the word ‘bloody’ is a frequently used and not very rude swear word.
hairy cheeky bloody leggy handy nosey
hearty skinny heady chesty
TASK 18. Some common adjectives are formed from parts of the body. For example, heart gives us warm-hearted, kind-hearted, hard-hearted etc. Look at the list of similar compound adjectives below and guess what they mean. Then decide which of them can be used to complete sentences below. left-handed
TASK 19. Revision: adjectives and adverbs. There are many clichés among adverb-adjective combinations. Find cliché Russian/ Ukrainian equivalents for the ones given below.
TASK 20. There are a few adjectives in English that can go either before or after nouns but with a change of meaning according to their position. Choose the meaning that explains the underlined adjectives. Follow the example.
Example: This elect body meets once a year. (before the noun = 'specially chosen')
The president elect takes over in May. (after the noun = 'who has been elected')
TASK 21. Fill each of the blanks with a suitable adjective from the box.
devoid free certain inclined liable
concerned filled elect
TASK 22. Choose suitable adjectives that can fill each gap. Sometimes more than one option is possible.
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