The right forms in these sentences. Mind that in some cases both forms are right

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Part 1

My (eldest/ oldest) sister's only child is a boy. His name is Tim. Even when he was very young he was a (manly/ mankind) little fellow, a (skilful/ skilled) and (confident/ confidential) horseman, and a (dead/deadly) marksman with an air rifle. He was (a lively/ an alive) child.

Throughout his (awake/waking) hours he was engaged in (worthy/ worthwhile) activities, and even when he was (asleep/ sleeping), his (imaginary/ imaginative) brain seemed to be at work, because often he would wake up with some (sensitive/sensible) idea. He was always a (healthy/ fit) boy. When any of his (ill/sick) friends asked him for help with their homework he was always (sorry/sympathetic) and did his best to help them.

Tim had one (especial/special) friend – Dick, a much (elder/ older) boy, who had one (shrunk/shrunken) leg and who lived in one of the (wooden/wooded) (neighbouring/ neighbourhood) houses.

Dick's father was always (drunk/ drunken), so the family lived in (needful/ needy) circumstances. Dick's mother was very (sensible/ sensitive), so when Tim went to the house, he often found her with her eyes (swelled/swollen) with tears. He used to try to comfort her in his (childish/childlike) way, but he could not be of any (effective/efficient) help to her, because his own family's (economic/ economical) position was not a very good one. His father worked for a (politic/ political) party, but he had no (official/ officious) position in it.
Part 2

There was a ring at my door late yesterday evening and when I opened it there was (an ashamed/a shamefaced) girl standing outside. She seemed (afraid/ frightened) of something and not at all (confident/ confidential) that I would welcome her at that late hour. She had rosy cheeks, long (gold/golden) hair and a slim (graceful/gracious) figure. She had long (silk/ silken/ silky) eyelashes but her eyes looked (swelled/ swollen) as if she had been crying.

‘May I come in?" she said. Her voice was (silver/silvery) and, although she couldn’t have been less than 18 years old, there was something sweetly (childish/ childlike) about her when she spoke. I am very (sensible/ sensitive) to personality and I felt that this girl and I had very (alike/ similar) characters. She seemed to sense my (inner/inward) sympathy for her, and suddenly her (afraid/frightened) air disappeared and her control, which had only been (outer/outward), vanished. She became a very (alone/lonely) girl in need of comfort and reassurance. She told me that her father was (drunk/ drunken) and was threatening to kill her and her (ill/sick) (older/elder) sister. They had just moved into a hut on a (wooded/wooden) hill which was (neighbouring/ in our neighbourhood), and she knew nobody here. Their (former/previous) home had been a hundred miles away. I gathered that her father was (a worthless/ an unworthy) actor whose (drunk/ drunken) habits had led him to (economic/ economical) ruin and constant (sick/ ill) health. The girl's mother committed suicide because her (sensible/sensitive) soul could no longer stand the degradation of her lot.

I am a reasonably (imaginary/ imaginative) woman, and I shuddered as I contemplated that desperation that must have driven her to take her own life.
**TASK 15. Use the words given in brackets in the right form. Give two variants if possible. Follow the example.

Example. On a clear moonless evening, the starts shine very (bright) – bright = brightly

Teachers like students who answer questions (bright) – brightly

  1. Patrick bought his last car (dear), and sold it (cheap).

  2. Simon had his new car repaired quite (cheap).

  3. The train always goes very (slow) along this part of the track.

  4. I took a mouthful of mash and chewed it (slow).

  5. Please, cut the next slice of cheese (thin).

  6. I wish you wouldn't play this awful music so (loud).

  7. I suddenly heard someone shouting (loud) for help.

  8. For weeks two detectives watched the house (close).

  9. We came very (close) to an accident this time!

  10. The pie was cut (clean) in two.

  11. The sale of the house was completed very (clean) in about four days.

  12. Thank you for explaining the situation so (clear)

  13. The outline of the castle could be seen (clear) against the sky.

**TASK 16. Place the adverbs given in brackets in two different positions. For each sentence write a situation which explains the use of the adverb. Follow the example.

Example: He expressed his thanks. (naturally)

  1. They were very kind to him. Naturally, he expressed his thanks.

  2. He expressed his thanks naturally. They were impressed by his command of English.

  1. The teacher thought the student was not intelligent. (obviously)

  2. There were a few passengers on the bus on weekdays. (only)

  3. The speaker had not argued his case at all. (clearly)

  4. I remember his being able to play football. (well)

  5. I don't want to put myself under an obligation to him by asking a favour. (particularly)

  6. Frank has decided to spend a few days in Austria on his way to Switzerland, (also)

  7. Do you think you’ll have enough money at the end of the month to take a short holiday? (still)

  8. I should ask him what he meant by his statement, (personally)

  9. Have you made up your mind about what you want to do when you leave university? (really)

  10. He had the grace to admit that he was partly in the wrong. (at least)

  11. He will explain quite clearly what he intends to do. (in future)

  12. The student overheard the teacher saying that his last piece of homework was better. (distinctly)

TASK 17A. Choose which adverbs can fill each gap. Two or three of them may be possible in each sentence.

1. She is usually ___________ courteous to strangers.

a. quite b. exceedingly c. absolutely d. somewhat

2. I was ___________ dumbfounded to hear that he had left his wife.

a. quite b. very c. utterly d. somewhat

3. I'm surprised you like him so much; I've always found him ___________ rude.

a. somewhat b. very c. totally d. extremely

4. Your son's behaviour at the party was ___________ impeccable.

a. not very b. rather c. absolutely d. quite

5. I find the thought of eating snails ___________ unpleasant.

a. fairly b. absolutely c. somewhat d. utterly

6. She was ___________outraged when she learnt that he'd been lying to her.

a. fairly b. totally c. extremely d. completely
**TASK 17B. There are many adjectives formed from parts of the body. Complete each sentence with the appropriate word from the box. Note that the word ‘bloody’ is a frequently used and not very rude swear word.
hairy cheeky bloody leggy handy nosey

hearty skinny heady chesty

  1. __________ congratulations on your success!

  2. The boy was so __________ that the coacher’s decision was made at once.

  3. That sounds like a rather __________ cough you've got.

  4. The shops are quite __________ – only two minutes' walk.

  5. No, you can't borrow my girlfriend for the evening! Don't be so __________!

  6. It's nothing to do with you what we're doing tonight! Don't be so __________!

  7. She's so __________ that when she turns sideways, she's almost invisible!

  8. Did you know he's got a __________ chest? Like a doormat, it is!

  9. I reckon you'd have to be a __________ fool to want to learn this stupid language!

  10. I feel quite __________ after getting all those right. Or perhaps it's the champagne.

TASK 18. Some common adjectives are formed from parts of the body. For example, heart gives us warm-hearted, kind-hearted, hard-hearted etc. Look at the list of similar compound adjectives below and guess what they mean. Then decide which of them can be used to complete sentences below. left-handed

  1. double-breasted

  2. narrow-waisted

  3. cold-blooded

  4. big-headed

  5. pot-bellied

  6. red-faced

  7. round-shouldered

  1. sour-faced

  2. cross-eyed

  3. knock-kneed

  4. slim-hipped

  5. light-fingered

  6. strong-willed

  1. bow-legged

  2. empty-handed

  3. dark-skinned

  4. fair-haired

  5. broad-minded

  6. right-footed

  1. My boss is terribly ______________ walking around as if he were holding his salary cheque between his knees. His wife's quite the opposite – she is as ______________ as if she had just got off a horse.

  2. I used to wear ______________ suits until I decided that one button was far more suitable for ______________ people such as myself.

  3. My sister is so ______________ and ______________ that she reminds me of one of those long thin wine bottles.

  4. Olaf is Scandinavian, so he's ______________ and______________, and looks far better in jeans than I do.

  5. It looked as if Manchester United were going to return home ______________ until Bradfield scored with an incredibly powerful ______________ shot from outside the penalty area.

  6. Off we go on holiday with visions of returning ______________ and beautiful, forgetting that we always come back ______________ and with peeling backs.

  7. Hoskins, if you go on staring at that magazine any longer, you'll go ___________. Now either be ______________, dear boy, and put it away or give it to me until the end of the lesson.

  8. My boss is so ______________ always looking as if he knew tomorrow was going to be the end of the world. And his wife is so ______________ that I have to keep a careful eye on my things when they come round to the house, or they just disappear.

  9. Most ______________ tennis players seem to win more easily against right-handers. Talking of tennis players, aren't those professionals a ______________ bunch, shouting all the time about how great they are?

  10. A lot of liberal ______________ people find it difficult to accept that there is such a thing as ______________ murder.

TASK 19. Revision: adjectives and adverbs. There are many clichés among adverb-adjective combinations. Find cliché Russian/ Ukrainian equivalents for the ones given below.

  1. painfully slow

  2. miserably paid

  3. wildly excited

  4. nicely done (dressed, decorated, etc.)

  5. happily married

  6. bitterly disappointed

  7. heavily indebted

  8. desperately unhappy

  9. highly thought of

  10. hugely successful

  11. perfectly matched

  12. ideally suited

  13. discreetly placed

  14. clumsily expressed

  15. strategically timed

  16. fully automated

  17. perfectly balanced

  18. adequately prepared

  19. seriously compromised

  20. blissfully unaware

  1. mortally offended

  2. impeccably dressed

  3. generously proportioned

  4. exceptionally gifted

  5. physically handicapped

  6. formally educated

  7. officially approved

  8. diametrically opposed

  9. terminally ill

  10. mortally wounded

  11. chronically sick

  12. indefinitely postponed

  13. speedily dealt with

  14. improperly dressed

  15. highly satisfactory

  16. hopelessly lost

  17. deeply moved

  18. painfully obvious

  19. utterly exhausted

  20. criminally negligent

TASK 20. There are a few adjectives in English that can go either before or after nouns but with a change of meaning according to their position. Choose the meaning that explains the underlined adjectives. Follow the example.
Example: This elect body meets once a year. (before the noun = 'specially chosen')

The president elect takes over in May. (after the noun = 'who has been elected')



  1. The concerned doctor phoned for an ambulance.

  2. The doctor concerned is on holiday at the moment.

  3. It was a very involved question

  4. The person involved has left the company.

  5. Present employees number 3,000.

  6. The employees present should vote on this.

  7. It was a proper question.

  8. The question proper has not been answered.

  9. Janet is a responsible girl.

  10. The girl responsible has been expelled.

    1. correct

    2. worried

    3. who was blamed

    4. complicated

    5. with a sense of duty

    6. now employed

    7. here now

    8. connected with this (twice)

    9. itself

TASK 21. Fill each of the blanks with a suitable adjective from the box.
devoid free certain inclined liable

concerned filled elect

  1. Those __________ with the political implications of the new policy are very worried.

  2. The outgoing President was accompanied by the President __________.

  3. I'm __________ to think that it would be better to finish this later.

  4. These buildings are __________ to collapse in a strong earthquake.

  5. I was absolutely __________ I'd left it on the table.

  6. The landscape was completely __________ of any sign of human habitation.

  7. Please feel __________ to use the phone if you need to.

  8. The ex-prisoner is __________ with remorse for what he has done.

TASK 22. Choose suitable adjectives that can fill each gap. Sometimes more than one option is possible.

  1. The __________ child was comforted by his aunt.

    1. sick b) afraid c) frightened d) ill

  2. They had __________ stories about their travels through India.

    1. unlikely b) countless c) untruth d) plentiful

  3. A speedy solution is __________.

    1. main b) principal c) chief d) crucial

  4. He was taken __________ by the ferocity of the criticism.

    1. back b) unawares c) surprised d) unaccustomed

  5. The __________ train is almost never on time.

    1. last b) late c) early d) stopping

  6. This is __________ reward for twenty years of loyal service.

    1. due b) scant c) meagre d) proper

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