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|1.3.The Adjective and the Adverb|
Revise the following sources before doing the tasks given in this section:
*TASK 1. Underline the right forms in these sentences. Mind that in some cases both forms are right.
*TASK 2. Revision: adjectives and adverbs. Put in the right forms. Alternatives are possible.
Two men were sitting at the bar. The one ______ (near) to me was the ______ (big) and ______ (strong) man I have ever seen. The one ______ (far) from me was ______ (small/little) and ______ (weak). They were having the ______ (violent) argument I had ever heard. Suddenly the little man said. 'It's a case of the (small) ______ brain in the world fitted into the ______ (big) head!' They were his ______ (late) words. The little man didn't know what hit him as he fell to the floor. 'When Shortie wakes up, tell him that was my ______ (good) Karate chop,' the big man told the barman as he left. The next evening, King Karate was at the bar as usual when Shortie crept in quietly, swung his arm and the champ fell to the floor. 'When King Karate wakes up,' Shortie said, tell him it was my ______ (old) Land Rover starting handle.'
*TASK 3. Make up compound adjectives of measurement. Follow the example.
Example: a man who is twenty years old – a twenty-year-old man
NOTE: Don’t confuse compound adjectives of measurement with the use of possessive case in time references and money’s worth, compare:
*TASK 4.Change the words in brackets to fill the spaces.
It's ______ (legal) to drive under the age of seventeen in Britain, but a ______ (boy of seventeen years old) managed to pass his driving test on the day of his __________ (seventeen) birthday. Most people would consider this ______ (possible) because you need a lot of lessons to pass the test. David Livesey arranged to have ______ (a lesson of eight hours) beginning at dawn on his birthday. At first he was very ______ (care) and ______ (hesitate) but he had a ______ (wonder) teacher and his driving improved ______ (amazing) during the day. By four in the afternoon, still feeling ______ (energy) he was ready to take his test and he passed first time. He was almost in a state of shock after the test and he drove home very ______ (slow) in the ______ (red) light of the ______ (set) sun. David's driving attracted the attention of two policemen, but they broke into smiles and congratulated him ______ (warm) when he showed them his certificate and told them his story.
*TASK 5. Use the correct form of the adjectives or adverbs given in brackets.
**TASK 6. Fill in the gaps with the words from the box. Alternatives are sometimes possible.
alive asleep beautiful big complete fast fresh, lovely pleased polished poor quick-drying.
shiny small young
NOT A FAST LIFE!
Three and a half years ago Mr Bell received a ______ (1) present from his ______ (2) grandson. The boy had had a ______ (3) holiday by the seaside and had bought his grandfather a present. It was a ______ (4) sea-snail which had been stuck on top of an oyster and another shell. Mr Bell was very ______ (5) with his gift and put it on a shelf. While he was dusting one morning, he accidentally knocked the ______ (6) snail off the oyster. He went to find some ______ (7) glue. When he came back, he couldn't believe his eyes. The snail had moved along the shelf. It was ______ (8)! 'It must have been ______ (9) all these years and the shock woke it up.' Mr Bell said. He put the snail in a paper bag to show his friends. At first they thought the story was ______ (10) nonsense, until they saw the snail. The ______ (11) creature was so hungry, it had eaten a hole in the bag. Mr Bell gave it a ______ (12) meal of ______ (13) cabbage leaves which it really enjoyed. 'It's not such a ______ (14) story.' a scientist explained. These creatures live on the seashore and don't lead a ______ (15) life. They can hibernate for years without eating.'
***TASK 7. Translate into English paying special attention to substativised adjectives.
*TASK 8. Put in the right word order or choose the right forms. Fill in articles where necessary.
________________________________________ (shoes leather Italian expensive handmade); these are my pride and joy. I own _______________ _____________ (old beautiful pair) – or I did until yesterday, when I discovered that one of the shoes was missing. I had left the shoes on my __________ (doorstep back) to do some gardening. My neighbour has ___________________ (dog friendly large) called Sam. When I saw that one of my shoes had disappeared, I knew that Sam had taken it. I can't say he behaved _________ (bad/badly). He just behaved like a dog. Leather looks _________ (good/well) and tastes (good/ well) too. I unwillingly gave Sam the __________________________ (remaining shoe Italian) and then followed him. I not only found ____________________ (Italian unchewed my shoe) but also a pile of things Sam had been borrowing, including my ____________________ (slippers wife's fur-lined red) which Sam had tried to have for dinner!
**TASK 9. Choose the right adverb in each sentence.
**TASK 10. Change the adjectives into adverbs or adverbial phrases. Follow the rule and the example.
Rule: In Modern English some adjectives like friendly, lovely, lonely, likely, ugly, deadly, lively, cowardly, silly, etc cannot be used as adverbs. Instead adverbial phrases are used.
Example: Meg is friendly girl. – She always acts in a friendly way.
That was a quick response. She responded quickly.
**TASK 11. Fill in the gaps with adjectives and adverbs from the box. Add the suffix -ly or make other changes where you need to.
beautiful best (2) careful cheap early far last
full hurried important last new past silly
quick rapid soon
_________ (1) Thursday I had a most __________ (2) interview for a job. I got up _________ (3) and dressed _________ (4). I put on my _________ (5) jacket and trousers, to look my _________ (6). I had to travel by train, so I walked to the station which isn't _________ (7) from my house. I was walking quite _________ (8) when I saw a man just ahead painting his fence with red paint. He didn't notice me as I walked _________ (9). Then he turned suddenly and splashed my _________ (10) trousers! He had acted _________ (11) and he apologized, but the damage was done. There was a big store on the corner, so I decided to buy a new pair _________ (12). I thought that could change on the train. I _________ (13) found a nice pair, which I bought quite _________ (14). The shop was _________ (15) so I paid _________ (16) grabbed my shopping-bag and left. On the train, I went to the toilet to change. I took off my stained trousers and threw them out of the window. Then I opened the bag to get my _________ (17) ones, but all I found was a pink woollen sweater!
**TASK 12. Read through the notes given below. Then do the task by uunderlining the correct word.
$ 200 $ 400 $ 750 $ 1000
a fairly quite an a rather/ a pretty a very expensive
expensive dress expensive dress expensive dress dress
a/an + fairly
e.g. This is a fairly good CD, but it's not the best they've made.
quite + a/an (= enough)
e.g. This is quite a good CD, you ought to buy it.
Usually the following adjectives are used in expressions of this kind:
horrible ridiculous brilliant amazing extraordinary
useless impossible exhausted certain true
e.g. This machine is quite useless.
I'm quite certain about this.
a rather + noun or rather a + noun
e.g. She has rather a soft voice. = She has a rather soft voice.
I expected the book to be boring, but it was rather interesting.
rather + comparative form/too
e.g. Ted is rather more experienced than Alec.
She spends rather too much money on clothes.
a/an + pretty (= usually in everyday English)
e.g. He had a pretty nasty accident the other day.
e.g. I’d prefer to go to the Crimea rather in August than in July. I always prefer starting early rather than leaving everything to the last minute.
Underline the correct word.
**TASK 13. Explain the difference between the pairs of adjectives given below. Write one sentence or situation to show their difference in context. Follow the example.
Example. afraid – frightened
afraid – feeling fear, frightened; used as a predicative only;
frightened – afraid, feeling fear; used both as a predicative and as an attribute.
e.g. Fred started to feel afraid/ frightened of going out alone at night.
I looked at the frightened child encouragingly. alike – similar
***TASK 14. Revision: adjectives and adverbs. Choose the right option.
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