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III YEAR, II TERM
REVISION OF PRONOUNS
TASK 1. Study the information about some pronouns given below. Then translate the sentences into your mother tongue.
TASK 2. In the following sentences, put one of the pronouns 'one', 'you', and 'they' into each gap. Some other pronouns are also possible.
TASK 3. Change the passive verbs in the following sentences into the active, adding one, they, or you as the subject - whichever is the most appropriate.
TASK 4. Fill in the gaps with ‘so, ‘such’ or such a’.
TASK 5. Combine the pairs of sentences given below using SO or SUCH. Give two variants if possible. Follow the example.
Example. There was a fierce storm. The ship almost sank. = There was such a fierce storm that the ship sank. The storm was so fierce that the ship sank.
TASK 6. Fill in the gaps with indefinite pronouns some, any or their compounds.
TASK 7. Fill in the gaps with detaching pronouns each or every. Sometimes either of them is possible.
A: Four people live in our house. ______ (1) of us has his own room and we take turns doing the housework and cooking. ______ (2) person has to cook an evening meal and keep the house clean and tidy for a week and ______ (3) Monday we change over.
B: It sounds OK, but does this system really work?
A: Well, most of the time it does OK, except when it's Mike's turn. ______ (4) time it's his turn to do the chores, he always finds an excuse. He gives a different one ______ (5) time but they're never very good.
B: Can't you do anything about it?
A: We've tried, but ______ (6) time we say something to him, he gets annoyed and thinks we're being unfair.
B: But he can't get away with it ______ (7) time. It’s not fair on the rest of you. If ______ (8) of you made excuses like Mike, you would all be starving and living in a mess.
Part 1: all whole none no both neither either
Life has slowly changed for the ______ (1) of our family. We were ______ (2) very close once, my wife and I and our two daughters. Aged twelve and eleven, they were ______ (3) angels, keen, enthusiastic, communicative, ______ (4) of them, nearly ______ (5) the time. When we meet up nowadays______ (6) of us feels that comfortable. Oh yes, there are a few moments when we ______ (7) hug and ask each other for an update. Then when we ______ (8) sit down to either lunch or dinner - ______ (9) of my daughters seems very keen to eat at the same time as us anyway - ______ (10) of us seems to have that much to say. ______ (11) my daughters resent questions about their activities and I can't ask I ______ (12) of them about their current boyfriends without ______ (13) of them ganging up on me and telling me to be quiet. On the ______ (14), I find eating while watching a soap with them the best way out.
______ (15) of the girls seems at all interested in what ______ (16) my wife or I is doing. ______ (17) I can say is that life was much easier and more comfortable when ______ (18) of them could utter anything more than 'goo-goo' and 'da-da' and ______ (19) my wife and I could settle down for a meal without feeling strangers in our own home. But I suppose that time and tide wait for ______ (20) man.
I was telling you about my family, wasn't I? It seems that not ______ (1) family is having the same problems. Since last week, I have spoken to nearly ______ (2) my colleagues and ______ (3) other one says that ______ (4) is sweetness and light in their family. ______ (5) of them - the ______ (6) family - sit down and ______ (7) of them takes turns to say something about what they're doing or have been doing and nearly ______ (8) other member of the family hangs on their ______ (9) word. There's ______ (10) aggression; ______ (11) of the others shows anything but total interest in the others' ______ (12) story. ______ (13) of them takes his or her turn and ______ (14) of them listen - ______ (15) of them resents it.
______ (16) I can say is, they're lucky. Almost ______ (17) meal we have together is spoilt because there's ______ (18) contact with anyone else and ______
(19) of us remains a little island. ______ (20) wonder my daughters don't come and visit very often.
Some famous places are disappointing: dirty, cramped, and a bit of a cliché. But there are ______ (1) which, even though you've seen ______ (2) television programme ever made about them, are ______ (3) bit as wonderful
as you'd imagined. The Grand Canyon is one of these and so, despite being next door to a main road, is Stonehenge. _______ (4) is Venice which, in its entirety, remains a great work of art, ______ (5) decaying aspect revealing an unexpected glimpse of water or startling architecture, ______ (6) individual building or piazza displaying an exquisite sense of proportion. I return to Venice ______ (7) two years in the course of my work and on ______ (8) of these occasions I have found something new to marvel at.
Alarm cries about how long this can last are sounded ______ (9) now and then ______ (10) time the water levels rise. But the fact that this city is sinking into the sea seems to add to its romantic atmosphere. Far more serious is the depopulation, for it seems that just about ______ (11) week ______ (12) family leaves. Since 1945 more than half the population of Venice has moved to the mainland. The rich own the great palazzos along the Grand Canal and visit ______ (13) once in a while, but leave the windows dark for the rest of the time. Mass tourism threatens the very structure of the city. It is a sad victim of its own success.
Alan: These trousers are better than another one/ the other ones.
Bill: I don't like them. Let's choose another/ the other pair.
Alan: Well, hurry up - the others /others are waiting.
Bill: I suppose one pair is as good as another / the other.
Alan: You've tried on so many, one after the other/ others.
Bill: Can I try just another/ the other pair?
Alan: OK, but let's stop arguing with each other / one another.
Bill: Give me another / the other few minutes.
TASK 10. Fill in the gaps with detaching pronouns other, another, others, or other's.
Left-handedness is a fascinating phenomenon unless you are trying to undo a knot that a left-handed person has tied the ________ (1) way round. It is surprising that left-handers have not protested more about how the physical world has been constructed around the ‘________ (2) lot'. Though the days have gone when children were forced to change to the ________ (3) way, we still don't make enough concessions. Surely lefties should be encouraged to greet one _______ (4) by shaking the ________ (5) left hand. Why don't they always stick out their left hand anyway and surprise all ________ (6) once in a while? I've seen some lefties writing like crabs and producing handwriting from ________ (7) planet and I've seen ________ (8) who produce better writing than any ________ (9) person I know. And ________ (10) thing: why don't left-handed waiters tease us by laying the table 'back to front'? They've as much right as the right-handers.
TASK 11. Fill each blank with one suitable detaching, universal or reciprocal pronoun.
Raising one child at a time is hard enough; parents of twins have an even more difficult job. It is important that the children don't become so bonded that one becomes merely a missing part of ________ (1). Parents have to help their children grow up together, but realising that they are individuals first and twins second. The sibling rivalry may be avoided by encouraging them to develop different interests from ________ (2) to help to preserve their identities. But the special intimacy that twins share can lead to problems. As they grow older they may find it hard to develop close relationships with ________ (3) because they think no person will ever know them as well as their twin. They think like ________ (4) and do the same things, marry similar partners and live in virtually identical houses. In one study, a twin declared that losing ________ (5) would be like losing a part of her own body. In ________ (6), a pair separated at birth and brought up in different towns, unaware of ________ (7) existence, moved into houses in Florida with their families, only to discover that the person next door was none ________ (8) than their twin.
The intimacy between twins can sometimes be destructive. Psychologists are trying to find out where closeness ends and pathology begins. From the time June and Jennifer Gibbons could speak, they seldom did - except for one rare simple sentences to adults and some words to ________ (9) children. Eventually they spoke only with ________ (10) and around their home town in Wales they became known as the Silent Twins, developing a private language that _______ (11) people could not understand. Jennifer was so jealous of June, whom she thought prettier and more loved by their parents, that she forced her into a childhood vow of silence. One acquaintance said that Jennifer seemed to have 'possessed' her sister: with eye signals, she told June when to talk, how to move, what to do. _______ (12) one monitored _______ (13) so that they could act in perfect unison. They even fell off horses at the same time. Once Jennifer intoned to her _______ (14) sister, 'You are Jennifer. You are me.' An agonised June screamed back, 'I am June! I am June!'
TASK 12. Spot and correct mistakes in the use of pronouns. Some of the sentences are correct.
TASK 13. Cross out all the unnecessary indefinite pronouns.
One of the marvellous things on my first trip to Europe was the discovery that the world could be so full of any variety, that there were so many different ways of doing some essentially identical things, something like eating and drinking and buying cinema tickets. It fascinated me that any Europeans could be at once alike - that they could be so bookish and cerebral, and some drive small cars, and live in little houses in ancient towns, and some love soccer, and have chilly hotel rooms and warm inviting places to eat and drink - and yet be so endlessly, unpredictably different from each other as well.
I loved the idea that you could never be sure of anything in Europe. This is why I have never learned any language other than English. I don't want to know what other people are talking about. I can't think of anything that excites a greater sense of any childhood wonder than to be in a country where you are ignorant of almost everything. Suddenly you are some five years old again. You can't read anything, you have only the most rudimentary sense of how any things work, you can't even reliably cross a street without endangering your life. Your whole existence becomes a series of some interesting guesses.
TASK 14. Correct any incorrect uses of pronouns in the following sentences. Some of the sentences are correct.
TASK 15. Spot and correct mistakes in the use of pronouns. Some of the sentences are correct.
TASK 16. Translate into English.
|The right forms in these sentences. Mind that in some cases both forms are right|
Каушанская В. Л. и др. Грамматика английского языка. – М. Просвещение, 1987. – С. 47-51; С. 204-205
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