Порядок слов в английском повествовательном предложении Задание 1




НазваПорядок слов в английском повествовательном предложении Задание 1
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Content – Содержание
Порядок слов в английском повествовательном предложении … 4

Имя существительное ……………………………………………… 5

Артикль ……………………………………………………............... 6

Местоимение ……………………………………………………….. 7

Some, any, no …………………………………………....................... 8

Many, much, few, little ……………………………………………… 9

Прилагательное ……………………………………………………. 10

Числительное ………………………………………………………..12

Предлоги ……………………………………………………………..12

“to be” ………………………………………………………………...14

‘There+be’ ……………….……………………………………………15

“to be, to do, to have” …………………………………………………15

“have/have got” ……………………………………………………….17

Времена глагола в активном залоге ………………………………...18

Времена глагола в пассивном залоге ……………………………… 26

Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты ……………………………. 28

Типы вопросительных предложений ……………………………… 32

Причастие …………………………………………………………… 33

Причастные обороты ……………………………………………….. 35

Герундий. Герундиальный оборот ………………………………… 36

Инфинитив. Инфинитивные обороты …………………………….. 37

Согласование времен ……………………………………………….. 39

Прямая и непрямая речь ……………………………………………. 40

Условные предложения ……………………………………………. 42

STOP & CHECK YOURSELF………………………………………. 44

К таблице 1:Порядок слов в английском

повествовательном предложении

Задание 1. Составьте предложения из следующих слов, соблюдая порядок слов в английском предложении.

  1. Is, a, table, book, on, there, the. 2

  2. Library, very, is, good, our.

  3. Are 35, pupils, class, our, in, there.

  4. Like, I, read, to, books.

  5. She, to, goes, Pete, with, school.

  6. Study, in, we, winter.

  7. In, room, is, there, telephone, my, a.

  8. Visit, uncle, to, went, to, his, Pavel, Moscow.

  9. They, with, play, Saturday, every, basket ball, friends, their?

  10. He, fond, always, English, he, because, is, well, language, of, this, knows.

  11. Datum, blackboard, was, this, on, formula, the, of, there, this.

Задание 2. Составьте предложения из следующих слов, соблюдая порядок слов в английском предложении.

  1. Usually, it, me, to get, takes, my, an hour, to, office.

  2. There, any, are, on, the blackboard, figures.

  3. A picture, there, over, the bookcase, is?

  4. Countries, the, metric system, European, use, most, now.

  5. This, the, to, have, no, I, to, time, gym, go, afternoon.

  6. Winning, players, a lot of, among, team, has, of, friends, he.

  7. Farmers, club, built, last, students, new, for, year, collective.

  8. See, cinema, time, to, go, I, new, the, have, when, free, the, the, film, to, I.

  9. There, are, United, situated, the, Atlantic, States, the Pacific, between, Oceans, and.

  10. Will, a, be, laboratory, in, there, this, next, room, year.

  11. Had, our, finished, we, experiment?

  12. Are of, full, news, newspapers, our, interesting, USA, about, the.

Задание 3. Составьте предложения из следующих слов, соблюдая порядок слов в английском предложении.

  1. In winter, study, we, and, in summer, rest.

  2. A library, we, at, have, very, school, good, our.

  3. Many, factories, are, at, there, town, our.

  4. Friend, Donetsk, studies, my, at, University, the, in.

  5. Is, for, friend, this, letter, your, I, which, received, yesterday.

  6. To, Victor, four, wrote, days, a, his, letter, ago, friend.

  7. See, often, we, library, them, our, at, local.

  8. Morning, at, o’clock, in, usually, up, woke, the, six.

9. Group, will, students, the, of, go, State, to, Museum, tomorrow, History, the.

10. The, is, the best, famous, one, museums, world, the, in, British, of, museum.
К таблице 2: Имя существительное
Задание 1. Выберите правильную форму множественного числа существительного

1. a school (A – schooles, B – schools, C – school); 2. a sheep (A – sheep, B – sheeps, C – sheepes); 3. news (A – newes, B – newses, C – news); 4. a child (A – childs, B – children, C – childrens); 5. a baby (A – babys, B – babies, C – babis); 6. money (A – money, B – moneys, C – moneis);7. A goose (A – gooses, B – geeses, C – geese); 8. advice (A advice, B – advices, C – advicis); 9. a handkerchief (A handkerchiefs, B – handkerchieves, C – handkerchievs); 10. foot (A – foots, B – feets, C– feet); 11. sugar (A– sugas, B – sugares, C – sugar); 12. hair (A–hairs, B – hair, C – haires); 13. A box (A – box, B – boxes, C – box); 14. information (A – informations, B – information, C – informationes); 15. a housewife (A – housewifes, B – housewifs, C – housewives).
Задание 2. Выберите форму существительного в притяжательном падеже. .

1. The tooth of my little brother 2. The toys of my sister
A. My brother's little tooth; A. My sister's toys

B .My little brother's tooth B. My sisters' toys

C. My tooth's little brother C. The toys' my sister

3. The wages of my father 4. The text-book of my friend

A. Father's my wages; A. My friends' text-book

B. Wages' my father B. My friend's the textbook

C. My father's wages C. My friend's text-book

5. The people of this country. 6. The goods of that office.

A.This country's people; A. That office's goods;

B.These people's country; B. That offices' goods

C. Country's these people. C. The goods' that office

7. The instruments of his father. 8. The children of my aunt.

A. His father's instruments; A. My aunts' children;

B. His instrument's father; B. Children's my aunt;

C. The father's instruments. C. My aunt's children.

9. The geese of my Granny. 10. The trousers of those boys.

A. Geese's my Granny; A. Those boy's trousers;

B. My Granny's geese; B. Those boys' trousers;

C. My geese's Granny. C. The trousers' those boys.
К таблице 3: Артикль
Задание 1. Поставьте неопределённый, определённый или нулевой артикли перед следующими существительными и словосочетаниями.

... House, ... Petrovs, my ... sister, ... butter, ... knowledge, ... Asia, ... Caucasus, ... Apennines, much ...water, by ... tram, ... Transvaal, any ... pen, ... sugar, ...

Bermudas, ... milk, in ... morning, at... school, on ... right, by day, to go to ... bed, to tell... time, ... sun, at... time, to have ... cold, ... tea, ... Azores, ... Black Sea,.... snow,... British Channel,... Australia,... Doctor Brown, that ... boy, ... Professor Pavlov, ... coal, ... Titanic, ... I Geography, some ... books, ... music, ... Pacific Ocean, this I... dictionary,... Rostov (hotel), ... Paris, little ... milk, ... moon, ... best boy, ... second lesson, ... United States of America,... Scotland,... Appalachians,... America,... Florida, ... Bahamas, ... Rocky Mountains, ... Alaska, ... Sunday Times.
Задание 2. Подберите вместо пропусков необходимый артикль: А – а; В – аn; C – the, D – (нулевой артикль)
А. Имена существительные нарицательные
1. You've got... cold. Stay at... home and have ... apple. 2. Give me your ... pen, please. This ... pen is bad. 3. What's ... time? Oh, it's high time to train and play ... piano. 4. To tell ... truth, I am not ready for ... lesson. 5. In ... spring we like to go for ... walk in ... park. 6. Come to see me ... day after tomorrow in ... evening. 7. We had ... good time on ... board ... ship this ... summer. 8. As ... result of our
... walk we've got ... lot of beautiful autumn ... leaves. 9. Don't be in ... hurry, take your ... seat and tell me about... school. 10. Take ... care of your sister, she has ... bad headache.

Б. Имена существительные собственные

1. On ... Wednesday ... Times published an article about the events in ... Caucasus. 2. ... United Kingdom includes ... Great Britain and ... Northern Ireland. 3. ... English Channel is between ... England and ... France. 4. My father is from ... Ukraine. He was born in the town of Cherkassy on ... Dnieper river. 5. ... USA is the fourth largest country in the world after ... Russia, ... Canada and ... Republic of ... China. 6. ... Lena is ... longest river in ... Siberia. 7. My relatives live in ... Crimea, not far from ... Black Sea. 8. Sometimes on ... Sundays we enjoy a wonderful journey on board ... «Ivan Polsunov» along ... Don. 9. Show me ... Canary Islands and ... Azores on this map. 10. ... Browns speak ... Russian very well because they often visit... Moscow and other cities of ... Russia.

К таблице 4: Местоимения
Задание 1. Переведите на английский язык, стоящие в скобках притяжательные и возвратные местоимения.

1. This is (наш) Institute. 2. These are (их) drawings. 3. I don’t know where I have put (свой) pencil. 4. I don’t know where is (мой) pencil. 5.Give me (вашу) pen, please. 6. She must write (свой) translation. 7. He wants to read (свой) translation and they will read (свои) translation. 8. He has no idea where (его) ticket is. 9. I shall give him (свой) ticket as I don’t want to go to the cinema. 10. Here is the table I want to show you; one of (его) legs is broken. 11. I gave her (его) book. 12. We shall give them (свои) tools. 13. I’ll do this (сам). 14. The experiment (сам) was very important.

Задание 2. Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильную форму местоимения.

1. I often meet (his, him) in the reading-room. 2. Will you give (I, me) your text-book, please? 3. I received a letter from (she, her). 4. We saw (they, them) in the theatre. 5. Give me (you, your) ball-point-pen (шариковая ручка), please. 6. (Me, my) sister teaches (them, their) mathematics. 7. (Our, us) students were present at the lecture. 8. (Many, much) students were present at the lecture. 9. He reads (little, few). 10. She spends (many, much) time on this kind of work.

Задание 3. Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильную форму местоимения.

1. I used (her, hers) bicycle; (my, mine) is broken. 2. I recognize you but I have forgotten (your, yours) name. 3. (Your, yours) suitcase is bigger than (our, ours). 4. (Their, theirs) dog ate its dinner. 5. Is this bicycle (your, yours)? No, it’s John’s. 6. Is this one (our, ours)? I’m not sure. 7. This is (my, mine) typewriter. 8. That is (her, hers) problem. 9. Those glasses are (my, mine). 10. Are these (your, yours) shoes? No, they are (their, theirs). 11. Show (we, our, us) these pictures, we like (their, them, they). 12. Whose books are these? They are (we, us, our) books. 13. Look at the picture, (it, it’s, she) beautiful. 14. Come to see (my, I, me) today. 15. His sister likes to read (she, her, his) books on history. She reads (they, them, their) after classes. 16. Help (I, my, me) with this translation, please (he, it, his) is difficult. I cannot do it without (you, your) help. 17. Ivanova is (our, we, us) teacher of English. (She, her, it) is not old. 18. Read the text, please. (He, she, it) is easy. 19. This letter is from (his, he, him). 20. I am going to (he, him, his) sister.

Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, поставив предложенные ниже личные и притяжательные местоимения в правильной форме.

A.Местоимения в единственном числе: my, me, mine, his, his, her, hers, it, its.

1. Give (мнe) (ee) book to read. (Moя) - is not interesting. 2. Are these (eгo) text-books? No, they are (ее). 3. Show (мне) (его) magazine, please. 4. (Его) sister is here, and where is (моя)? 5. Give (ему) (его) pen. He likes to write with (ею). (Она) is always with (ним). 6. Please, help (мне) to write a report for (него). (Он) needs (в нём) for tomorrow. 7. (Это) is not (его) key. (Он) is (ее). 8. Give (мне) (ее) photo and I’ll give (тебе) (мое). 9. I asked (ее) to help (ему) to do (его) home-task. 10. Is (это) (ее) map? (Я) am not sure. (Я) think, (она) is (его).

Б. Местоимения во множественном числе: we, us, our, ours, you, your, yours, they, them, their, theirs.

1. (Мы) are (их) relatives, not (ваши). 2. Show (нам) (нашего) new teacher. 3. Whose girl is this? The girl is (наша). 4. Are the boys (ваши) friends? No, (они) are (их) friends. 5. All (ваши) suitcases are in (их) car. Take (их). 6. What is (ваш) address? (Их) is the same. (Они) live not far from (вас). 7. How long are (вы) waiting for (нас)? 8. (Мы) asked (их) to live with (нами) at (нашей) summer cottage. 9. Where are (их) glasses? Show (их) to (нам). 10. We know (их) very well. (Они) are the friends of (наши).

К таблицам 4.2-4.4: SOME, ANY, NO и их производные

Задание 1. Заполните пропуски местоимениями SOME или ANY.

a. 1. There are ____ photographs in the cupboard. 2. Here are ____ lines from a poem by Wordsworth. 3. There aren’t ____ good films on this week. 4. Don’t take ____ tablets this evening. 5. They’re building ____ new houses in the next street. 6. I don’t have ____ clean shirts. 7. Please buy ____ stamps for me on your way to work. 8. I met ____ old friends at the station yesterday. 9. I won’t leave ____ windows open tonight. 10. She hasn’t written ____ interesting books recently.

b. 1. We wanted to make ____ sandwiches but we found we hadn’t got ____ bread. 2. I left ____ meat on the table and the dog ate it while I was out. 3. He got out his pen to sign the cheque but there wasn’t ____ ink in it. 4. Please fetch me ____ dry wood to get the fire started. 5. The expansion plans sounded wonderful, but unfortunately the company didn’t have ____ money to pay for them. 6. Don’t leave ____ food in the fridge when you go away on holiday. 7. At the concert last night they played ____ music I had never heard before. 8. To try to save money, the firm bought ____ secondhand machinery at a sale. 9. You haven’t done ____ work so you can’t expert ____ pay. 10. ____ French wine is quite sweet.

c. 1. Let me give you ____ advice about learning a language. 2. Try to do ____ studying every day. 3. Even when you think you don’t have ____ time, try and find ten minutes, and learn ____ words. 4. ____ people think that learning a language is something we can do without ____ difficulty. 5. We know that there isn’t ____ truth in that idea. 6. You have to do ____ hard work, or you won’t make ____ progress. 7. With the linguaphone course we’ve tried to make even the hard work enjoyable. 8. So you won’t forget ____ of the exercises, will you?

d. 1. I see … bread. Why haven’t you bought …, Nick? – I had … time to do it. 2. Have … soup, Helen. – No, thank you. I had … soup at dinner. I don’t want … more. 3. Were there … mistakes in your paper? – Yes, there were…. (No, there weren’t ….). 4. Will there be … concert after the meeting? – No, there won’t be … concert. 5. Why didn’t they give us … postcards to send?

Задание 2. Выберите правильный вариант.

For example:

I’d like some/any tea please.

1. I’m sorry, Sir, but we haven’t got any/no fish. 2. Natalya ate some toasts/toast but I didn’t have any. 3. There’s/There are some cheese on the table. 4. I didn’t give Fiona an/any apple. 5. We had some/any hot chocolate last night before we went to bed. 6. They didn’t see some/any bread in the market. 7. Oh dear, there’s no/any milk. 8. I haven’t got some/any money for new clothes.
^ MANY, MUCH, FEW, LITTLE
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